【经管院每周系列讲座第289期】Ethnicity, Migration and Rural Income Inequality in Western China: A Counterfactual Approach with Group-Based Decomposition

2016-04-05

Title: Ethnicity, Migration and Rural Income Inequality in Western China: A Counterfactual Approach with Group-Based Decomposition Speaker: Andrew Howell, Peking University Host: Shihe Fu, Professor, RIEM Time: 14:30—16:00, April 8, Friday Venue:  Yide Building 511, Liulin Campus   Abstract: Migration and remittances play a vital role for improving the living standards in rural China. While the gains from migration in China tend to be viewed as ubiquitous, existing research tends to exclude the ethnic dimension.  It remains very unclear to what extent China’s ethnic minorities participate in migration, to what extent they benefit from that migration, and how those benefits compare with Han households. This paper employs counterfactual analyses to examine the impacts of ethnic rural-to-urban migration on rural income and inequality in lagging, ethnically diverse regions in Western China using a proprietary data source of recent ethnic household survey data. The results show that most ethnic minority groups are less likely to migrate than Han households and receive fewer remittances. Nevertheless, migration has led to a significant income boost for all ethnic households irrespective of their ethnic affiliation. Decomposition analyses further show that migration has led to substantial increases in within-group ethnic inequality and a small increase in between-group ethnic inequality. Between- group ethnic inequality accounts for a greater contribution to total inequality than that of regional inequality across sampled locations.    About the speaker: Professor Andrew Howell received his Ph.D. in Economics Geography from University of California-Los Angeles in 2014. He is currently an assistant professor in the School of Economics at Peking University. His research areas include urban and regional economics, innovation and entrepreneurship, migration and labour economics, development economics, statistics and GIS. His papers appear in top innovation, area studies and regional science journals, including Research Policy, Growth and Change, Eurasian Geography and Economics,  Journal of Globalization Studies. His personal web site is www.tonyJhowell.com.

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