【光华讲坛】A Simple Model of the Chinese Hukou System and Some Ongoing Reforms

2016-03-15

主题:A Simple Model of the Chinese Hukou System and Some Ongoing Reforms 主讲人: Kobe University (神户大学), Laixun Zhao教授   主持人: 经济与管理研究院  傅十和教授   时间:2016年3月18日(周五)下午14:30—16:00 地点:西南财经大学柳林校区通博楼101 主办单位:经济与管理研究院  科研处 主讲人简介: Professor Laixun Zhao received his Ph.D. degree in Economics from University of Florida in 1993 and currently is a professor at Kobe University in Japan. His is also the associate editor of International Economic Journal and guest editor of Review of Development Economics. His primary research fields are International Economics, Industrial Organizations, and Labor Economics. His publications appear in many top journals including European Economic Review, Journal of International Economics, Journal of Industrial Economics, Journal of Labor Economics, Journal of Urban Economics, Canadian Journal of Economics, Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Review of International Economics, etc. His web site is http://www.rieb.kobe-u.ac.jp/academic/ResearchStaff/zhao-j.html .   内容提要:We model the Chinese Hukou (household registration) system, from the Mao era when it was strictly enforced to the early reform era (Deng Xiaoping era) when peasants were allowed to migrate to cities for work only. We document some stylized characteristics of the Hukou control, and based on which build a rigorous model of the dual labor market generated by it. The model can explain the fact that rural migrant workers not only made important contributions to China’s export boom, but also reversed the Chinese trade pattern—from exporting primary products to manufactured goods, because they are the labor force in “the manufacturing center of the world.” Reform recovers some of the deadweight losses from Mao’s strict Hukou control, but the gains from reform are unevenly distributed. We also apply the model to examine various policies and some ongoing reforms such as Special Economic Zones, export-tax refund, urbanization, one-child policy, etc.

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